Case Report - (2024) Volume 11, Issue 1

A Spermatic chord torsion in an undescended testis: A case report

Saint Charles Nabab Kouka1*, Mohammed Jalloh2, Ngor M Thiam1, Daniel Yonga3, Mohammed Diop1, Moahnet Cisse1, Tessa Vesr1, Yoro Diallo1 and Sylla Chiekhna1
 
*Correspondence: Saint Charles Nabab Kouka, Department of Urology, University Iba Der Thiam of Thies, Thies, Senegal, Email:

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Abstract

Spermatic chord torsion on dystopia is a rare disease; its management remains problematic and its diagnosis displays a significant margin of error. We report a case of spermatic chord torsion in an undescended testis in a 2 year-old referred 48 hours after the onset of symptoms. The patient underwent orchiectomy and contralateral orchidopexy.

Keywords

Torsion, Testicle, Chryptorchidism, Orchiectomy.

Introduction

Torsion of the spermatic cord is a serious, life- threatening condition of the testicle. Its treatment must be urgent and adequate [1]. Its diagnosis is relatively easy in the majority of cases [2-4]. However, it can be tricky in situations associated with testicular dystopia [5,6]. We report a case of torsion on an undescended testicle in a 2-year-old child seen 48 hours after the onset of symptoms.

Case Presentation

It involved a 2-year-old child, admitted at the surgical emergency room, for painful left inguinal swelling lasting 2 days, of sudden onset, without any notion of trauma, vomiting and transit disorders. On examination, the patient was afebrile with a temperature of 37.8°C and presented painful inguinal swelling tender at palpation associated with ipsilateral scrotal emptiness. The abdomen was supple, the right testicle was in place in the scrotum and appeared normal. Rectal examination was unremarkable. The emergency haemostasis assessment was normal. Surgical exploration revealed a left testicle in an inguinal position with a blackish appearance with 2 turns of the spermatic cord in Figure 1. Given the testicular necrosis, an orchiectomy was performed in Figure 2. An orchidopexy on the right testicle was performed during the same surgical procedure.

pediatricurology-testicle

Fig. 1. Torsion of the spermatic cord (testicle in inguinal position).

pediatricurology-piece

Fig. 2. Orchidectomy piece.

Results and Discussion

Results and discussion

Delasiauve described for the first time in 1840, a torsion of the spermatic cord in an ectopic position in a 15-year- old boy [7]. Since then, few cases have been reported in the literature. Its mechanism remains poorly understood; different theories have been put forward, some involving the cremaster and the absence of guberculum testis in the torsion mechanism [7], and others the arrangement and size of the testicle in the cryptorchid position [8]. Turek [9], noticed that the torsion was twice as significant when it comes to the left testicle because the cord is longer.

Inguinal or abdominal pain with a painful inguinal mass and an empty ipsilateral hemiscrotum is typical scenario [7].

The benefit of additional examinations is very limited; at most a Doppler ultrasound is necessary in the case of a swollen testicle with absence of vascularization or in cases of diagnostic doubt [3,10]. In any case imaging should not delay surgical exploration.

The rate of preservation of the twisted testicle in the scrotal position varies between 20% and 92% depending on the series [10]. It would seem that the chances of recovery are lower given that the diagnosis is made late, sometimes with a large margin of error. In fact, these pathologies are initially diagnosed as a digestive emergency, notably a strangulated inguinal hernia or acute appendicitis. Paradoxically, the signs noted in the foreground are confusing and atypical; scrotal emptiness constitutes a major element in establishing the diagnosis; for this, a careful physical examination in key for the diagnosis [4]. The exploration first consists of verifying testicular
vitality before carrying out a radical or conservative procedure. Furthermore, systematic contralateral orchidopexy is recommended during the same surgical procedure or later [1,3,4,10].

Conclusion

Spermatic chord torsion in an undescended testicle is a rare incident. Its diagnosis must be kept in mind in case of painful inguinal mass. It constitutes a surgical emergency requiring the diagnosis to be made earlier to save the testicle. Surgery remains the only effective treatment. Early diagnosis of testicular dystopia by systematic examination in the neonatal period remainsone of thebestmeans of prevention.

References

Author Info

Saint Charles Nabab Kouka1*, Mohammed Jalloh2, Ngor M Thiam1, Daniel Yonga3, Mohammed Diop1, Moahnet Cisse1, Tessa Vesr1, Yoro Diallo1 and Sylla Chiekhna1
 
1Department of Urology, University Iba Der Thiam of Thies, Thies, Senegal
2Department of Urology, University Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
3Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Iba Der Thiam, Thies, Senegal
 

Received: 31-Dec-2023, Manuscript No. PUCR-23- 120799; , Pre QC No. PUCR-23- 120799 (PQ); Editor assigned: 04-Jan-2024, Pre QC No. PUCR-23- 120799 (PQ); Reviewed: 18-Jan-2024, QC No. PUCR-23- 120799; Revised: 25-Jan-2024, Manuscript No. PUCR-23- 120799 (R); Published: 01-Feb-2024, DOI: 10.14534/j-pucr.20222675633

Copyright: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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